How To Use Bell Peppers
Leslie Davis

How To Use Bell Peppers

What do you think of when you hear “Peppers”? Sweet peppers or hot peppers? And what is the difference?

Did you know the amount of spiciness is found in the seed? It is measured by the Scoville Heat index. The hottest peppers are habanero and chili peppers. Yellow hot wax peppers, red cayenne and serrano are considered mid-range. Mild peppers are banana peppers and cherry poppers. The mildest peppers, and the ones we will mostly be talking about in this blog, are sweet bell peppers. [1] Read on to learn more about these nutritious and delicious powerhouses! We bet you’ll want to pick a peck today! 

  red and green bell peppers hanging on a vine


Bell peppers are harvested in Georgia between the months of July – September. [2]  

Although most of the time bell peppers are usually harvested when they’re green, they become yellow, orange and red if they are not picked after reaching full size. The yellow, orange and red peppers are sweeter than green peppers. [3] The stems should be cut to keep from breaking the branches. 

It is important to look for diseases on the peppers when harvesting. One example is a brown rot on the bottom or sides of the fruit. Bacterial leaf spot causes spotting on the fruit, but there are varieties of peppers which are resistant to this disease. [4] 

 Cleaning and Storing  

  • Peppers should be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2-3 weeks after harvesting. 
  • Peppers can also be stored in the freezer. Wash, cut out stems, cut in half and remove seeds. Cut the peppers to the desired size and spread on a tray to freeze. Once frozen, move the peppers into plastic bags and keep in the freezer.  
  • Peppers can also be stored by drying them. Pull the whole plant before the first frost and hang it upside down.[1] 


  • When ready to use rinse with cold water to clean and cut to appropriate size if needed. 
  • Always remember to protect hands with gloves if the pepper is spicy to prevent skin or eye irritation.
  • Ways to enjoy peppers;
    • Sauteed or roasted as a side dish or with other vegetables 
    • Great pickled or in relishes 
    • Eaten raw in salads 
    • Cooked in soups 
  • three cut quesadillas with veggies and poultry filling on a wooden cutting board

    Enjoy this easy and tasty Colorful Quesadilla recipe filled with sweet peppers. 


apple omelet and salad on a plate next to a yellow napkin and fork

Another delicious way to enjoy bell peppers is in this Apple and Veggie Omelet. 

flatbread pizza with a rainbow of fresh vegetables on top on a black plate with a gold and white striped napkin in the background

This Rainbow Pizza is an excellent way to get in a serving of vegetables. 


One bell pepper can meet your daily requirement of vitamins A and C and add wonderful flavor to any meal.[1] [5] Stay posted for our next blog in the  “How to Use Seasonal Produce” series. 



  1. University of Georgia Extension/ Home Garden Peppers 
  2. Pick Your Own/ Georgia Harvest Calendar 
  3. Mississippi State University Extension 
  4. CAES News Wire 
  5. University of Maine Extension 


Posted on August 14, 2023 


Written by Leslie Davis, MS, RDN, LD, CDCES |edited by the nutrition education team 

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